Children and Type 2 Diabetes
The common understanding of Type 2 diabetes is that it develops over a long period of time as the body becomes resistant to the normal effects of insulin. In some cases, this may also result in reduced insulin secretion and even progress to Latent autoimmune diabetes in Adults (LADA)(1), where over time the body also fails to produce a sufficient amount of insulin in the pancreas (similar to Type 1 diabetes(1). Although there is still debate about what specifically causes Type 2 diabetes, it is generally associated with being inherited, combined with unhealthy lifestyle changes. As it takes years to develop, it is generally found in adults over the age of 45. Alarmingly, more children and young adults are being diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes, probably due to the rise in childhood obesity(2, 3). The development of type 2 diabetes in young people is largely attributed to lifestyle habits.
How do young people develop Type 2 diabetes?
As with older people, insulin resistance is thought to be the case of Type 2 diabetes in young people. Diets that are high in simple carbohydrates and low in nutrients (Typically highly processed foods and sugary drinks), not only cause us to gain weight, but also make our liver and pancreas work very hard as they try to cope with a severely unbalanced diet. Eventually, just like in adults, these children may need extra insulin or oral medication in order to maintain their blood sugar levels, as resistance becomes so high that the child develops full blown Type 2 diabetes. Those who are overweight or obese are more likely to have this resistance to insulin, however insulin resistance can happen in people that are not obese that eat these poor quality foods. Even if Type 2 diabetes does not develop in children immediately, insulin resistance (sometimes called “prediabetes” or as a part of “metabolic syndrome”) can cause several health conditions in its own right and has been linked to such diverse things as depression and poor learning ability(4). Of course, developing metabolic syndrome early in life also makes it much more likely that you will develop full Type 2 diabetes at some point as an adult(5).
How is it treated?
In many cases, all that may be required is a change in diet and keeping physically active.
As a lot of young people’s diet consists of highly processed foods, they are not getting the nutrients their body requires, which is a contributing factor for childhood obesity. On top of that, it is known that nutritional deficiencies can lead to a number of metabolic problems, which probably includes insulin insensitivity.
It is recommended that children have at least 60 minutes of exercise per day. Exercise helps by training the body to use insulin more effectively, reducing insulin resistance.
If healthy eating and exercise is not enough, some medications may be prescribed by the doctor.
How serious is Type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is a serious condition and can potentially cause life threatening and long-term complications. Heart disease and kidney disease are also more likely to occur at a younger age.
How can NutriKane D help?
NutriKane D contains a mixture of soluble and insoluble fibre, as well as resistant starch in the ratios that are found in many vegetables. Fibre supplements tend to be only one type of fibre, with very few micronutrients, and so only provide a single part of what your body needs. NutriKane D is a complex food and contains different micronutrients at physiological levels. By having bioavailable, physiological levels of different micronutrients, the body is absorbing what it needs in the right amount, without having to take a huge dose of a single vitamin (as in a tablet) – something that has shown to be potentially bad for us. Insoluble fibre is fibre not used by us or the gut, so there is something to physically pass through the whole length of the gut. The gut is designed to have the top layer scraped off and insoluble fibre is what does this. Highly processed foods do not tend to do this, which has been shown to lead to a higher risk of bowel cancer and other gut related diseases.
However, NutriKane D isn’t magic, nothing is. Even the strongest medication is not enough to manage diabetes without a sensible diet. When you are doing the right thing, in terms of healthy eating and exercise, you will get better results. We suggest taking NutriKane D twice a day. One sachet at night, reducing your calorie intake in the evening while you sleep, and one sachet in the morning, making you feel full, reducing your urges to snack and “cheat.”
1. Gonzalez LL, Garrie K, Turner MD. Type 2 diabetes - An autoinflammatory disease driven by metabolic stress. Biochimica et biophysica acta Molecular basis of disease. 2018;1864(11):3805-23.
2. Caprio S, Perry R, Kursawe R. Adolescent Obesity and Insulin Resistance: Roles of Ectopic Fat Accumulation and Adipose Inflammation. Gastroenterology. 2017;152(7):1638-46.
3. Mayer-Davis EJ, Lawrence JM, Dabelea D, Divers J, Isom S, Dolan L, et al. Incidence Trends of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes among Youths, 2002–2012. New England Journal of Medicine. 2017;376(15):1419-29.
4. Kesebir S. Epigenetics of Metabolic Syndrome as a Mood Disorder. Journal of clinical medicine research. 2018;10(6):453-60.
5. Weihrauch-Bluher S, Wiegand S. Risk Factors and Implications of Childhood Obesity. Current obesity reports. 2018.