Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy. It is diagnosed when your body cannot cope with the extra demand for insulin production resulting in high blood sugar levels. This is normally temporary and, in most cases, disappears after the baby is born. However, some women continue to have high blood sugar levels after delivery.
Gestational diabetes is the highest growing form of diabetes in Australia, with 12-14% of women developing gestational diabetes at some point during their pregnancy. This normally occurs around the 24th to 28th week of pregnancy. It is recommended that all women be tested around the 24th week of pregnancy, however those who have risk factors should be tested earlier in their pregnancy.
- Maternal age: the risk increases the older you get (especially for those aged 35 and above)
- Family history: the risk increases if you have a relative with type two diabetes or a first-degree relative who has had gestational diabetes.
- A previous diagnosis of gestational diabetes or pre-diabetes.
- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
- Ethnicity: Those with higher risk factors include Hispanics, Pacific Islanders, Chinese, Southeast Asian, Middle Eastern, Indian, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander backgrounds.
- Have previously given birth to a large baby (weighing more than 4.5kg).
Managing Gestational Diabetes
There are three basic components to effectively manage gestational diabetes. They include:
1. Monitoring blood sugar levels
2. Adopting a healthy eating pattern
3. Physical activity.
Gestational diabetes is normally managed with healthy eating and regular physical activity. However, every case is different, so it is recommended to see a variety of healthcare professionals to correctly receive information and treatments specific for your situation. Different doctors, specialists, dieticians and credential diabetes educators can help you effectively manage your gestational diabetes.
If not managed properly, where the blood sugar levels remain high, it may result in problems such as having a large baby, miscarriage and stillbirth. Other complications may include pregnancy loss, premature delivery, and an increased risk of the baby contracting diabetes later in life.
Gestational diabetes and NutriKane D.
NutriKane D taken as part of a healthy diet has been shown to nourish the microbiome, normalise the gastrointestinal tract and lower blood sugar levels. It is a food and is safe to take while pregnant. In addition, NutriKane D:
- May reduce the mother’s risk of getting Gestational Diabetes.
- May reduce the risk of the mother contracting diabetes later in life.
- May reduce the risk of the baby contracting diabetes later in life.
- Significantly reduces or eliminates constipation during pregnancy.